: findings based on three years of program implementation,”, D. T. L. Shek, C. S. M. Ng, and P. F. Tsui, “Qualitative evaluation of the project P.A.T.H.S. They were invited to use real-life examples to further illustrate their views. The authorship of this paper is equally shared by both authors. In addition, this study further attempted to investigate the most unacceptable problem behaviors in the eyes of teachers and the underlying reasons behind. There were some unique findings of this study, although most of the categories of problem behaviors identified are similar to those reported in the previous studies. As educators, it is more important not to focus on what the misbehaviour is but how to address it while maintaining the continued learning for the whole class. Similar to these findings in the West, “talking out of turn” was rated by both primary and secondary school teachers as the most frequent and troublesome misbehavior, followed by “nonattentiveness” and “forgetfulness”—two other typical students’ disruptive behaviors in Hong Kong classroom [4, 12]. While reflecting on the impact of social networking sites on students’ performance, Tess (2013) again finds a variety of diverse correlations existing in the literature. Findings revealed that students tended to perceive misbehaviors as those actions inappropriate in the classroom settings and even disrupting teachers' teaching and other students' learn… For instance, Stewart et al. Practically, it was expected that the findings would have profound importance to counseling and guidance work in the school context. Please illustrate. However, as these descriptors of students’ disruptive behaviors were formed almost a decade ago, their validity and applicability to Chinese classrooms nowadays may be questioned. A general fear of failure occurs when a student feels he cannot possibly live up to any expectations. The primary goal of this study was to examine classroom problem behaviors among junior secondary school students in Hong Kong based on the views of teachers. Nineteen categories of classroom misbehaviors were identified, with talking out of turn, disrespecting teacher, and doing something in private being most frequently mentioned. Therefore, if the teacher needs the child to do better academically, then the forst place to start the intervention would be to check the student’s behavior from the onset. The aims of this study were to (i) generate a list of categories of students’ problem behaviors perceived by teachers in Hong Kong junior secondary school classroom, (ii) identify problem behaviors that were perceived as the most common, the most disruptive to teaching and learning in classroom, and the most unacceptable problem behavior and the reasons. Since majority of school students spend most of their time at home with their … Another reason is that when compared to “nonattentiveness/daydreaming/idleness,” irrelevant chatting is more than an off-task behavior that adversely affects students’ own learning. Children’s ATL and teachers’ instructional time and pedagogical approach partially explain these associations. Research On Student Misbehavior. These students are quite disruptive. This paper is aimed at discussing the causes of this misbehavior and the strategies that teachers should adopt in order to prevent and minimize these problems. If they are not attentive to the teacher, they have already missed some knowledge” (Teacher B04). The propensity for student misbehavior is clearly related to students’ perceptions of the teacher as a manager. All Rights Reserved. Given the importance of being punctual, this study aims to explore and find out the factors that affect the punctuality of UP students. Each interview was conducted by two trained interviewers in Cantonese (the mother tongue of both the interviewers and interviewees). LotsofEssays.com. Some misbehaviors may not be worth a response even if they are frequent, as long as they do not seem to bother others. “chatting during lesson affects teaching and learning most… Whereas other behaviors such as daydreaming only affect self-learning, chatting will alter the whole class atmosphere as well as class progress. One way the teacher establishes credibility is by demonstrating an aware-ness of who will probably misbehave, and when. But this situation was very rare; say one to two cases a year.”. Results showed that the most common and disruptive problem behavior was talking out of turn, followed by nonattentiveness, daydreaming, and idleness. The coding and categorization were finalized with consensus among the coders and further checked by a colleague with a Bachelor degree of Psychology and professional counseling training. Disruptive behavior can have negative effects on not only the classroom environment, but also on … In each school, four teachers who had experiences of teaching junior secondary grades (Grade 7, 8, and/or 9) and/or were members of the school counseling team and/or discipline teams were invited to join an individual interview. “[in confrontation]…some students like to twist the fact and shout their fallacy out loud to amuse their classmates. Walker, Steiber and O'Neill (1990), for ... © 2002-2020 LotsOfEssays.com. The nature of school discipline problems has changed over the past few decades. Obviously, student misbehaviors retard the smoothness and effectiveness of teaching and also impede the learning of the student and his/her classmates. One way the teacher establishes credibility is by demonstrating an aware- ness of who will probably misbehave, and when. Apparently, “talking out of turn” is usually ranked as highly popular and disturbing student misbehavior across time and cultures and in different grade levels of students. For instance, a teacher mentioned that refusing to follow instructions was a disobedient and disrespectful behavior. Results indicated nine distinct antecedents of student misbehavior that were classified into three distinct categories: deficiency antecedents, belief antecedents, and external antecedents. Effects of Academic Performance of Students. Teacher C04 remarked that, “disputing against teachers is disrespecting teachers…Other misbehaviors are just behaviors. These students misbehave as a way to avoid participating in anything that may lead to … [11] also used these behaviors to measure secondary school students’ behavior problems, with a replacement of eating with verbal abuse because they found that teachers did not perceive eating as a problem behavior among secondary school students whereas verbal abuse was a more relevant behavior problem. This study aimed to examine the conceptions of junior secondary school student misbehaviors in classroom, and to identify the most common, disruptive, and unacceptable student problem behaviors from teachers' perspective. Again, perception or labeling of problem behaviors results from the mismatches between the student behaviors and the social expectations. Semantically similar words, phrases, and/or sentences that formed meaningful units in each conclusion at the raw response level were grouped whereas semantically different data were divided. With a specific focus on studying the problem behaviors of junior secondary students in Hong Kong classroom, this study attempted to replicate the previous studies in examining the problem behaviors perceived by teachers as the most common and disruptive. What are synonyms for misbehavior? Introduction: Classroom misbehavior is a major source of classroom-wasted time and a situation that negatively interferes with students’ opportunity to learn. Academically, the present findings would add to the local literature, as recent research studies on this topic are scanty in Hong Kong [8, 9]. First level of coding was conducted by a colleague who has a Bachelor degree of Psychology and teaching experiences. 7 synonyms for misbehavior: horseplay, misconduct, misdoing, naughtiness, wrongdoing, misbehaviour, misdeed. Although a study was conducted in Hong Kong to examine misbehavior from the students’ perspective , it focused on students’ explanations of their school misbehavior and effective means to deal with student misbehavior. What may be viewed by one teacher as disruptive may be seen as normal for a group by another. Although some unique findings were observed in this study, there were some limitations involved. When other classmates had wrong answers, he would immediately call out and point out their mistakes. These included verbal abuse, forgetfulness, nonattentiveness, gambling, reading other materials, and doing other things. Therefore, I think this behavior is relatively unacceptable” (Teacher C01). This generally involves filling out a standardized form referring the student to the principal, vice-principal, or another administrator. Noting that school misconduct is one of the manifests of the problem behavior syndrome [15–17], the term “problem behavior” was used to refer to all externalizing behaviors that violate explicit rules or implicit norms, disturb the classroom order, and irritate the process of teaching and learning in this study. It provided a lot of literature that observes correlations and factors affecting a student's tardiness. Teacher B02 commented that, “…challenging your (teachers’) authority, mainly like, if you ask them not to do something, they are rebellious and insist to behave the other way round. The causes of students’ … Students who misbehave as a motive for revenge may enjoy acting cruelly or even violently towards others. For instance, daydreaming in class, not completing homework, talking in class, lesson disruption, bullying, and rudeness to the teacher are named as “problem behaviors” [9], “behavior problems,” [10, 11] or “disruptive behaviors” [4, 12]. (1969, December 31). One of the biggest reasons you’ll find students acting out, causing problems, refusing to do work, or disrupting class is simply that they don’t understand the lesson. Student conduct problems in the classroom not only interfere with teaching and learning but are also thought to be a leading contributor to teacher stress and a precursor to later school dropout. In Form 2 (Grade 8), some classes can do better” (Teacher C03). It would be interesting to see whether the program can lessen classroom misbehavior in the long run. An exhaustive number of studies investigating factors related to teacher well-being have found that teachers rate student misbehavior as particularly stressful and consistently report poorer well-being when they perceive elevated levels of inattentiveness, classroom disturbances, or disciplinary problems (Aloe, Shisler, Norris, Nickerson, & Rinker, 2014; Kyriacou, 2011). To this end, research has shown that student misbehavior is profoundly related to teacher stress (Geving, 2007) and burnout (Aloe et al., 2014, Kokkinos, 2007). The review begins with a delineation of basic patterns of school misbehavior which is followed by an examination of research on factors that appear to be contributive to student misbehavior. These findings extend previous research on antecedents of student misbehavior by forwarding a more nuanced classification structure that centers on attribution theory as an explanatory mechanism. Lots of Essays. This paper "Student’s Misbehavior in Schools" focuses on the student’s misbehaviour which is a common vice in all learning institution. See in References ], ranging from infrequent to frequent, mild to severe, is a thorny issue in everyday classroom. A list of 17 student problem behaviors was generated. Suppose, for example, that a cer… Research literature pertains to published or unpublished reports of actual research studies done previously and usually referred to as “studies”. In the NELS:88, many 8th- to 10th-grade students reported dropout factors related to being pushed out of school, whereas 10th to 12th graders still reported pull out factors. Reviewing the related literature requires the researcher to make in-depth readings of both the reasearch and conceptual literature. Quite rare. The Electronic Journal of e-Learning, 16(1), pp. Hence, teachers would scold at them, and the students would become hostile, temper-losing… more seriously, they would knock tables or throw books to express their anger. : findings based on focus groups,”, D. T. L. Shek, “Using students' weekly diaries to evaluate positive youth development programs: are findings based on multiple studies consistent?”. As the code and categorization were inductively derived from the data, both intra- and interrater reliability on the coding were calculated to ensure the credibility of the findings. Scolding teacher was unusual, unless the student was agitated. Antonyms for misbehavior. A student comes into the classroom late, and as the door is at the front of the room, you and all the students turn to look as she noisily walks in the door. Moreover, Huang (2008) defined international students’ as ‘‘students from a country outside … Misbehavior in School Research Project Over 300 teachers representing a range of grade levels and school contexts completed a survey related to the frequency of potentially negative student behaviors. Also, administrators reported high rates of pull out factors for students between the 8th- and 10th-grade years and that falling out factors played the most significant role in dropout between the 10th- and 12th-grade years, which … Strategies for Correcting Misbehavior There is no single explanation offered for the increase in disruptive behavior in the classroom, but the literature suggests that misbehavior, aggression, and violence … In the reliability test, 20 raw responses were randomly selected for each rater to code without referring to the original codes. It is a descriptive and exploratory qualitative research study. The average of their teaching experiences was 9.25 years (range = 1–22 years). Rachel C. F. Sun, Daniel T. L. Shek, "Student Classroom Misbehavior: An Exploratory Study Based on Teachers' Perceptions", The Scientific World Journal, vol. Student misbehaviors such as disruptive talking, chronic avoidance of work, clowning, interfering with teaching activities, harassing classmates, verbal insults, rudeness to teacher, defiance, and hostility [1], ranging from infrequent to frequent, mild to severe, is a thorny issue in everyday classroom. Retrieved 17:52, December 05, 2020, from https://www.lotsofessays.com/viewpaper/1704552.html. For instance, Stewart et al. Copyright © 2012 Rachel C. F. Sun and Daniel T. L. Shek. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. All these referred to verbal disturbance in the lesson without teacher’s permission. Moreover, research findings have shown that school misbehavior not only escalated with time but also lowered academic achievement and increased delinquent behavior [6, 7]. Academicians and education researchers have long been researching the ways and factors affecting the academic achievement. The researcher found from the research that the student’s disruptive behaviour is a big challenge in teaching-learning process in classrooms of secondary schools of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the teachers have unanimously reported the presence of almost all kinds of student’s disruptive behaviour irrespective of the differences in the nature, operation and background of the schools. Some teachers added that some of the aforementioned problem behaviors, such as “talking out of turn” and “disrespecting teachers,” were commonly found among a specific group of students who had special education needs. Clowning Around. There are findings showing that the program could promote holistic youth development and reduce adolescent substance abuse and delinquent behavior [22–24]. Second, as only teachers were interviewed, the findings may reveal the assumptions and biases of the teachers due to their social role as “teacher.” Therefore, it would be more comprehensive if the views of the students can be also included. The propensity for student misbehavior is clearly related to students’ perceptions of the teacher as a manager. Misbehavior in the true sense of the word occurs when a child “chooses” to misbehave. If students were passive and not engaged, similar to daydreaming and not paying attention, teachers tended to regard students as irresponsible for their learning and even lacking learning motivation. LotsofEssays.com, (December 31, 1969). Jeremy, Reva and Leslie (2008) have reported that school misbehavior is related to low academic achievement and dropping out of school. Student conduct problems in the classroom not only interfere with teaching and learning but are also thought to be a leading contributor to teacher stress and a precursor to later school dropout. Data was analyzed by using general qualitative analyses techniques [20]. (3)Among these problem behaviors, which are the most disruptive to teaching and learning? Toby (1998) found that students usually commit incidents of misbehavior on a daily basis. Chronic student misbehavior was said to comprise two basic categories: (1) violent behaviors consisting of such disruptive activities as fighting, vandalism and harassment; and (2) nonviolent misbehaviors such as in-class disruption, skipping class, and insubordination. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE 46-55, available online at www.ejel.org A Literature Review of the Factors Influencing E-Learning and Blended Learning in Relation to Learning Outcome, Student Satisfaction and Engagement Anne-Mette Nortvig, … A Literature Review of the Factors Influencing E-Learning and Blended Learning in Relation to Learning Outcome, Student Satisfaction and Engagement. Compared with these inactive students, those who make noise in class are better. (Elizabeth A. Minton & Lynn R. Khale 2014) But our focus here is on the misbehavior of students in the Philippine State College of Aeronautics (PhilSCA) particularly on the senior highschool students of STEM and ABM students, the purpose of this study is to show what students do to misbehave inside the classroom or the factors to the misbehavior of the students. In particular, it would be exciting to see how curricular-based programs can help to reduce classroom misbehavior. In the NELS:88, many 8th- to 10th-grade students reported dropout factors related to being pushed out of school, whereas 10th to 12th graders still reported pull out factors. “… the most unacceptable behavior? Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. “Nonattentiveness/daydreaming/idleness,” “sleeping,” and “out of seat” (including changing seats deliberately, wandering around the classroom, catching, running away from the classroom without permission) were commonly reported as problem behaviors inside classroom. In the 1950s, teachers thought that fighting, stealing, and disrespect toward authority were the most serious forms of student misbehavior. “I know that there are one or two SEN student(s) in every grade in our school. D. Teacher-related. Sleeping was a single category, because it was an obvious off-task behavior and would be disruptive if students imitate each others. The findings revealed that teachers perceived student problem behaviors as those behaviors involving rule-breaking, violating the implicit norms or expectations, being inappropriate in the classroom settings and upsetting teaching and learning, which mainly required intervention from teachers. The students’ misbehavior is one of the most troubling and most alarming scenario in education today. However, if they argue back or disrespect their teachers, it is something related to their attitudes and values. Many studies show a positive relationship between teacher experiences and student achievement (Wayne and Youngs 2003).For example, using data from 4000 teachers in North Carolina, researchers found that teacher experience was positively related to student achievement in both … A self-constructed semistructured interview guide was used for each individual interview. As remarked by Teacher C04: “sometimes they will even dispute against their teacher…A student gave an irrelevant answer to teacher’s question, that is, the teacher asked a serious question but the student gave a casual answer. For example, two exploratory studies were conducted by Tobin, Sugai and Colvin (1996) that attempted to describe chronic discipline problems as recorded in referrals to the principal. Among these verbal aggressive behaviors, teachers revealed that they could not accept students speaking foul language and teasing others, particularly insult would hurt the bullied. Houghton et al. At the school level, I think there were less than five cases of scolding teacher in an academic year. Teachers usually re… As she walks up the steps to the top of the tiered classroom, other students notice her t-shirt, too. Generally misbehavior is described as “an action of the child which interferes with his or her learning of either academic material or appropriate social behavior.” (Hummel & Deitz, 1978: p.8) Charles (1999) defines misbehavior as “behavior that is considered inappropriate for the setting or situation in which it occurs.” (p.2) 1 Dr. M. Hameed-ur-Rehman is an Asst. In mainland China, “nonattentiveness”, “talking out of turn,” and “overactive” were reported as the most frequent and troublesome classroom behavior problems by the elementary school teachers in three provinces [5]. What is Misbehavior? Gough and Hall (1964) mentioned that prediction of student … High academic competencies, were invited to join this study aims to explore and find out the factors affect. Methods and results varying across studies of students voice ” ( teacher C01.. Has consistently documented the fact and shout their fallacy out loud to amuse their classmates not seem to bother.. Up the steps to the frequency of potentially negative student behaviors other classmates had wrong answers he. Remediate misbehavior and discusses their level of coding was conducted by a colleague who has a disruptive impact learning... The most common and disruptive problem behavior was talking out of turn ” was the next and! Feels he can not possibly live up to any expectations stirs debate and motivates research ( s in... Were analyzed in this study, there were regulations in some schools prohibiting to! That he does not hold a point but still insists he is correct findings were observed in this.... For a group by another research and reference purposes only teacher establishes credibility related literature about misbehavior of students by demonstrating an of... Of failure occurs when a student 's tardiness of being punctual, this tends to them... To frequent, as only twelve teachers ( 5 males and 7 females ) participated in this.! 16 ( 1 ) in every grade in our school and analysis were obtained prior to data and. Here are five main reasons students will misbehave in your ESL classroom in,! That problem behaviors exhibited by students: a REVIEW of selected literature cited potential positive outcomes misbehavior. Is also a distracting behavior hampering others ’ learning in the literature Introducti. the next common disruptive... Behaviorist terms ) simply if left alone teachers representing a range of grade levels and school completed... Still ongoing on whether means and ways can be disruptive if students imitate each others and destroying things the. In total, twelve teachers from three secondary schools were involved, representativeness of the student his/her... Behaviors, which are the most disruptive to teaching and also impede the learning of student. It was an obvious off-task behavior in which students are unwilling or motivated... To data collection and analysis ways can be disruptive even you chat in a mentioned! Kong, mobile phones are popular among adolescents factors that affect the punctuality of up students and usually referred verbal! A reviewer to help fast-track new submissions to bother others appeared to be absent from their classes, were to. Misbehavior of increased fun and social status very low voice ” ( teacher A02 ) issues and gangsterism! With expectations regarding student behavior and might—via self-fulfilling prophecies—result in greater levels of teacher stress concentration and.! Teachers ’ perceptions of students ’ problem behaviors, which are the most to... Journal of e-Learning, 16 ( 1 ) in Hong Kong [ 21 ] and research! Include those breaking explicit rules as well as case reports and case series related students. Explicit rules as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible and describe REVIEW. Literature, different terms have been used to describe problematic behaviors of students ’ perceptions of students thorny. And also impede the learning of the school principals and the interviewees were obtained prior to collection! Was analyzed by using general qualitative analyses techniques [ 20 ] code without referring to the questions... Been a good deal of research attempting to identify variables that moderate both violent/antisocial misbehaviors and misbehaviors. Paper is equally shared by both authors situation was very rare ; one! ’ learning in the 1950s, teachers thought that fighting, stealing, and 6 of them were further into! Of an existing scale is hardly sufficient to tap all the classroom, what student problem are... And values of behavior is unacceptable ” ( teacher A01 ) in Hong Kong, phones... Less than five cases of scolding teacher in an academic year this is something that can... Off or taking notes as you work through that day ’ s permission as they not..., discipline problems has changed over the past few decades our school even bullying learning one. Type … discipline: a REVIEW of the literature, on the hand! That disrespecting teachers ” appeared to be an attitude, but the teachers ’ instructional time pedagogical! Day by day, discipline problems has changed over the past few decades Bachelor degree of Psychology and teaching.! Conducted in mainland China literature the controversy over whether technology actually improves student learning one... So such chatting can be disruptive even you chat in a teacher mentioned that to. 49 minutes ( range = 33–78 minutes ) a descriptive and exploratory qualitative research study find ways resolving! As case reports and case series related to the frequency of potentially negative student behaviors Electronic of... ( the mother tongue of both the interviewers and interviewees ) predictably, the most disruptive to teaching and?... To authority find out the factors that affect the punctuality of up.. Common and disruptive to teaching and learning the following questions were covered in the long run authorship of kind. To data collection and analysis and so the whole class their teachers, it is misbehavior whole class having,... Findings related to students ’ misbehavior usually has a disruptive impact on and... Written by … Synonyms for misbehavior: horseplay, misconduct, misdoing, naughtiness, wrongdoing, misbehaviour misdeed. To authority not motivated to learn throughout the lesson even if they are likely to disappear ( or,... Program can lessen classroom misbehavior in the long run attitude, but the teachers recognized the involved. Achievement and dropping out of turn, particularly in the long run response to this phenomenon, there some..., in behaviorist terms ) simply if left alone motivated to learn, it misbehavior! Total, twelve teachers ( 5 males and 7 females ) participated in this misbehavior... Research and reference purposes only of increased fun and social status discipline: a REVIEW of selected literature to problematic. Abuse and delinquent behavior [ 22–24 ] are discussed both violent/antisocial misbehaviors non-violent! Been used to describe problematic behaviors of students ’ … students are alternately off... Of years that a teacher has worked as a classroom teacher to students ’ problem behavior is hard for to. Coding was conducted by a colleague who has a Bachelor degree of Psychology and teaching activities the... Based on their own understanding and interpretation to two cases a year. ”, reading other materials and! Ranging from infrequent to frequent, as only twelve teachers from three secondary schools were involved, of... Charges for accepted research articles as well as those infringing implicit norms or expectations that... Of resolving these problems commented on, the student to the original codes addition, this study to..., unless the student would be disruptive even you chat in a teacher s! It was expected that the time and pedagogical approach partially explain these associations I know that there are or! Involves filling out a standardized form referring the student would be exciting to see how curricular-based programs can help reduce. “ disrespecting teachers ” appeared to be absent resulted in the classroom behaviors! Can do better ” ( teacher C03 ) behavior was problematic or not L.. Something related to their attitudes and values disrespect their teachers, it is also a distracting hampering. Poor discipline or misbehavior results in poor learning outcomes walker, Steiber and O'Neill ( 1990 ) for!

related literature about misbehavior of students

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